The environmental problems in contemporary society today have their origin in the industrial revolution that began in 18th century, when, amid air pollution and lack of the public hygiene measures, very poor living conditions were created due to the rapid growth of population. Now that industrial production and distribution are quickly becoming globalized, there is hardly any part of the world which frees from suffering of the unwanted environmental impact. The problems of pollution, energy consumption, and resources shortage have been turned to be the globally critical issues. Together with the rapid growth in the world population, this has created problem that in many ways have exceeded the earth’s capacity to absorb.
As the word “environment” defines as “everything that surrounds earth’s creatures and affects them in some way”, it can be seen within a series of micro, mezzo, and macro environment. The building materials, lightings, heating and furniture can be considered as the first environmental layer of one person’s daily life, while beyond the building, there are the natural environment and social environment of the human community. Together, they move out from the street to the neighbourhood, to the town, to the city, and forming the regional environment. In turn, they connect to the global environment through the worldwide flow of resources and environment. In other word, environment is extending form a person’s home to the world.
Looking into the causes of the environmental problems on daily basis, it may consider that many of them are derived from the day-to-day life style and the pattern of consumption. The fresh approach and idea to highlights the contradiction between the limited capacity of the environment and the aiming to enhance the quality of life are in highly demand. New sets of regulatory practices, indicators, measurements, and priorities are emerging at all scales – from individual buildings to the district and city-scale level. The conference provides a forum to examine and discuss research, solution-oriented, and practical methods for implementing sustainable development, and to stimulate more ideas and useful insights regarding architecture and urban development within the context of sustainability.